Natural Language Processing Institute for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence University of Exeter

What Is Natural Language Processing NLP?

natural language example

Every day, humans exchange countless words with other humans to get all kinds of things accomplished. But communication is much more than words—there’s context, body language, intonation, and more that help us understand the intent of the words when we communicate with each other. That’s what makes natural language processing, the ability for a machine to understand human speech, such an incredible feat and one that has huge potential to impact so much in our modern existence. Today, there is a wide array of applications natural language processing is responsible for. Combine NLP and machine learning (ML) to help gain insights into human-generated, natural language text documents.

The Natural Language Processing (NLP) Platform that underpins all Linguamatics’ products provides an evolving set of components which are scalable, robust and evaluated both for accuracy and performance. At the core of the platform is the NLP used to enrich every piece of text in multiple ways (Figure 1). Our NLP Platform provides an interface between the specialist work of data scientists on extracting value from text, and the clinical stakeholders who need to interpret and validate the results of this work.

Possible applications of NLP in DIT

After receiving a number of phone calls from people who love your shoes but appear to dislike your jackets, you now want to establish if this is the general consensus. Finally, recognition technologies have moved off of a single device to the cloud, where large data sets can be maintained, and computing cores and memory are near infinite. And though sending speech over a network may delay response, latencies in mobile networks are decreasing. Natural language processing is an exciting field of AI that explores human-machine interaction.

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Popular digital assistants like Alexa and Siri are great examples of how natural language processing is used in everyday life. However, law firms can also benefit from using chatbots as natural language processing enables chatbots to comprehend and respond to sentences, paragraphs and documents [8]. Firstly, a chatbot can significantly help with administrative duties and internal recruitment within a law firm. Lawyers no longer have to outsource HR and recruitment teams or schedule interviews with potential candidates themselves. A chatbot can be used to conduct onboarding processes for new employees, set up notifications and reminders, and manage employee leave applications [9].

Generative adversarial networks: the creative side of machine learning

Thus, the above NLP steps are accompanied by natural language generation (NLG). Both text mining and NLP ultimately serve the same function – to extract information from natural language to obtain actionable insights. Natural language processing is behind the scenes for several things you may take for granted every day.

Computers often have trouble understanding such tasks, because they usually try to understand the meaning of each individual word, rather than the sentence or phrase as a whole. So for a translation program, it can be difficult to understand natural language example the linguistic nuance in the word ‘Greek’ when it comes to the examples ‘My wife is Greek’ and ‘It’s all Greek to me’, for example. The scientific understanding of written and spoken language from the perspective of computer-based analysis.

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Consider the valuable insights hidden in your enterprise

unstructured data—text, email, social media, videos, customer reviews, reports, etc. NLP applications are a game changer, helping enterprises analyze and extract value from this unstructured data. Corpora such as the British National Corpus (BNC), WordNet, and others were developed, encouraging so-called empirical approaches – whether utilizing such corpora to do example-based MT or statistical processing. Spoken language was increasingly examined thanks to developments in speech recognition. Writing in 2001, Sparck Jones commented on the flourishing state of the NLP field, with much effort going into how to combine formal theories and statistical data.

Is the English language an example of a natural language?

Answer: (c) English is an example of a natural language. Natural language means a human language. A natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation.

The sentiment analysis models will present the overall sentiment score to be negative, neutral, or positive. If computers could process text data at scale and with human-level accuracy, there would be countless possibilities to natural language example improve human lives. In recent years, natural language processing has contributed to groundbreaking innovations such as simultaneous translation, sign language to text converters, and smart assistants such as Alexa and Siri.

Structuring a highly unstructured data source

To understand the working of named entity recognition, look at the diagram below. We remove words from our text data that don’t add much information to the document. Spacy is another popular NLP package and is used for advanced Natural Language Processing tasks. Natural Language is also ambiguous, the same combination of words can also have different meanings, and sometimes interpreting the context can become difficult. Natural Language Processing is considered more challenging than other data science domains. Unstructured data can pose many challenges for Natural Language Generation (NLG) because it can be more difficult for a machine to determine the most meaningful information from large bodies of text.

Natural language processing operates to process human languages and overcoming ambiguity. It applies linguistics, statistics and computer science to written and spoken language [4]. An extremely popular example of an natural language processing is the use of Google search. Following a word being typed, Google automatically suggests searches related to it to predict what users are looking for when they type [5].

How is NLP used in real life?

Applications of NLP in the real world include chatbots, sentiment analysis, speech recognition, text summarization, and machine translation.


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